Serving Flask with nginx

Installing Common Python Tools for Deployment
apt-get install -y python python-dev python-distribute python-pip
apt-get install nginx

Installing The Web Application and Its Dependencies
Download and install Flask and uwsgi using pip

pip install virtualenv
mkdir /var/www/ && cd /var/www/
virtualenv -p /usr/bin/python venv
source venv/bin/activate
pip install uwsgi
pip install flask

rm /etc/nginx/conf.d/default

vim /etc/nginx/conf.d/ngstones

server {
listen 80;
charset utf-8;
client_max_body_size 75M;

location / { try_files $uri @ngstones; }
location @ngstones {
include uwsgi_params;
uwsgi_pass unix:/var/www/;

vim /var/www/

#application's base folder
base = /var/www/

#python module to import
app = hello
module = %(app)

home = %(base)/venv
pythonpath = %(base)

#socket file’s location
socket = /var/www/

#permissions for the socket file
chmod-socket = 666

#the variable that holds a flask application inside the module imported at line #6
callable = app

#location of log files
logto = /var/log/uwsgi/%n.log

vim /var/www/
from flask import Flask
app = Flask(__name__)
def hello():
return “Hello!”
if __name__ == “__main__”:

Restart Nginx to load new config file
service nginx restart
cd /var/www/
uwsgi --ini /var/www/

Finally update your DNS and you are good to go!

Serving Flask with nginx

How to Install Docker on Ubuntu 14.04 LTS

Docker is an open-source project that automates the deployment of applications inside software containers, by providing an additional layer of abstraction and automation of operating-system-level virtualization on Linux. Docker uses resource isolation features of the Linux kernel such as cgroups and kernel namespaces to allow independent “containers” to run within a single Linux instance, avoiding the overhead of starting virtual machines.

Here some tips for installing docker on an Ubuntu 14.04 LTS.

Let’s install docker :
apt-get -y install

Let’s fix link and path :
ln -sf /usr/bin/ /usr/local/bin/docker
sed -i '$acomplete -F _docker docker' /etc/bash_completion.d/

And finally configure docker to start when the server boot :
update-rc.d defaults

Of course we search container that contains ubuntu by search token
docker search ubuntu

And we install it
docker pull ubuntu

How to Install Docker on Ubuntu 14.04 LTS

SRE engineer Bookmarks

I’m Linux system engineer and I develop in Python, Bash and Perl. I’m really interested by SRE position for that, I’m applying for SRE Engineer in Google and production Engineer in facebook. and here I share my daily bookmarks :


SRE engineer Bookmarks

Installing smog mongodb viewer

First of all install dependency packages
sudo apt-get update && apt-get install git-core curl build-essential openssl libssl-dev

Install Node.js & NPM
git clone
cd node

Run git tag to show all available versions
git tag -l

select the latest stable.
git checkout v0.9.9

Run configure and make
sudo make install

Get npm Node package manager using curl
curl | sudo sh

Install smog using node package manager by running
npm install smog -g

Start smog on background:

smog will start on default port 8080

Installing smog mongodb viewer

How to create an Apache Module

1. Use apxs2 to create a skeleton module named mod_hello:
apxs2 -g -n hello

2. Modify the automatically generated mod_hello.c file:
3. Run make and install the .so file into Apache’s libexec directory
apxs2 -iac mod_hello.c
4. Modify httpd.conf to load the module and to install it as the content handler for the URL of your choice:

# httpd.conf
LoadModule hello_module libexec/

<Location /hello_demo>
SetHandler hello

How to create an Apache Module

How to deploy PHP/MySQL web application with several external dependancies, across multiple Linux platforms

If you would create a deployment system for PHP/MySQL web application with several external dependancies, across multiple *nix platforms usually you can use rsync or may be scp, git, and pear for dependencies and some custom scripts.

In the fact, there are a nice solution and interesting one based on three tools : capistrano, jenkins and composer

Capistrano to deploy project to remote servers and be able to rollback when screw up.
Capistrano is a nice ruby application that can perform pre and post-deploy functions like restarting webserver, busting cache, renaming files, running database migrations, with capistrano we can easily copy code from source ( control repository ) to production server.

Capistrano by itself isn’t enough to make my deployment complete, that why my capistrano script will runs composer on the app to gather dependencies.

First , you can get capistrano using gem like that:
sudo gem install capistrano
sudo gem install capistrano-ext

You may get composer using git like this, run :
git clone

In general, you’ll use Capistrano as follows:

You will create a recipe file (“capfile” or “Capfile”) usgin capify command line as follow :
capify .
This will create config directory and a deploy.rb file that we will edit
vim confing/deploy.rb

deploy.rb is ruby file with a very simple syntax, here is my recipe file that i use to deploy my blog:

set :application, "blog"
#You probably want to change this to be the location of the repo you just forked
set :repository,  "git://"

set :php_bin, "/usr/bin/php"

#The following is not the document root, but just the app root 
set :deploy_to, "/home/mezgani/www/#{application}/"

set :current, "/home/mezgani/www/#{application}/current"

role :web, "server1", "server2"                          # Your HTTP server, Apache/etc
role :app, "server1", "server2"                          # This may be the same as your `Web` server
role :db,  "database-server", :primary => true # This is where Rails migrations will run
role :db,  "database-server"

set :local_path, "/home/mezgani/config/wordpress/config"

# SSH Settings
set :user, "mezgani"
#set :password, "password"
ssh_options[:keys] = %w(/home/user/.ssh/id_rsa) # SSH key
ssh_options[:port] = 22

#things you'll probably not change, unless you know what you're doing 
# If you aren't using Subversion to manage your source code, specify
# your SCM below:
# set :scm, :subversion
set :scm, :git

#the following is needed because if it's not there, for some reason we don't get
#asked to accept the key from github..annoying when deploying to a new server
default_run_options[:pty] = true

#since this is PHP, we don't really need to restart apache or anything
set :use_sudo, true 

#ssh agent forwarding..
ssh_options[:forward_agent] = true

#A lot of this stuff has been overridden for PHP/Non Rails magic

namespace :deploy do
  task :default do
  task :finalize_update, :except => { :no_release => true } do
    run "chmod -R g+w #{latest_release}" if fetch(:group_writable, true)
    run "cp -fr #{current}/wp-content #{shared_path}/"
    run "cp #{current}/.htaccess #{shared_path}/"
    run "cp #{current}/wp-config.php #{shared_path}/configs/"
    run "cp #{shared_path}/configs/wp-config.php #{latest_release}/"
    run "cp -fr #{shared_path}/wp-content #{latest_release}/"
    run "chmod -R 777 #{latest_release}/wp-content"
    run "cp #{shared_path}/.htaccess #{latest_release}/"

task :composer do
  top.upload("#{local_path}/composer.json", "#{shared_path}/install", {:via => :scp, :recursive => true})
  run "cd #{shared_path}/install && curl -s | #{php_bin}"
  run "cd #{shared_path}/install && ./composer.phar install"

task :setup do
  run "sudo apt-get install curl"
  run "mkdir #{shared_path}/"
  run "mkdir #{shared_path}/install/"
  run "mkdir #{shared_path}/configs/"
  set(:wp_environment_ready, Capistrano::CLI.ui.ask("Is wp-config.php ready for this environment? (yes/no): "))
  if wp_environment_ready == 'yes'
    #top.upload("htdocs/wp-config.php", "#{shared_path}/configs/wp-config.php", :via => :scp)
    run "cp #{deploy_to}/wp-config.php #{shared_path}/configs/wp-config.php "
  run "mkdir #{shared_path}/wp-content"
  run "mkdir #{shared_path}/wp-content/uploads"

Before deploy we have to define a composer.json file that defines all
the dependencies my application has, whether they’re composer enabled or not.

Edit composer.json, specify your dependencies and run composer on capistrano to get the dependencies:
vim composer.json

Finally, use the cap script to execute your recipe. Use the cap script as follows:
cap deploy

How to deploy PHP/MySQL web application with several external dependancies, across multiple Linux platforms